Periodontal Disease Treatment
Periodontal disease (also known as gum disease or periodontitis) is an infectious process affecting the gums and the bone that holds the teeth in place.
The bacteria found in dental plaque produce toxins that inflame the gums, causing them to turn red, swell, and bleed easily. Over time these toxins will infect the surrounding bone, and eventually the bone around the teeth will deteriorate. If left untreated, teeth may be lost.
The treatment of periodontal disease depends on the type and severity of the infection. If the disease is caught early and there is no loss of bone around the tooth, one or two dental cleanings may be sufficient.
If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a procedure called periodontal scaling and root planing will be necessary. In severe cases it may be necessary to have a specialist perform surgical procedures to save the teeth from extraction.
The best defense against periodontal disease is prevention: daily brushing and flossing. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home care, people can still develop some form of periodontal disease, so regular professional examinations and cleanings are essential for proper periodontal diagnosis and treatment.
At each checkup appointment, we perform an examination of the periodontal tissues in order to diagnose and treat any conditions that might lead to periodontal disease.
For more information about periodontal disease, we encourage you to visit the American Academy of Periodontology website.